Plant name: Ginkgo Biloba 


Active constituents: Ginkgolides and flavonoids 


Medicinal Properties:  

  • Antioxidant: decrease lipid peroxidation, increase SOD, increase catalase- The 2 proposed mechanisms of action are (1) directly scavenging free radicals and (2) in- directly inhibiting formation of free radicals.   
  • Neurotransmitter enhancer: increase dopamine and NE 
  • Neuroprotective- decrease beta amyloid 
  • Anxiolytic at low dose 
  • Adaptogen: restores brain levels of catecholamines, serotonin, and corticosterone after stress